St. Peter’s Basilica

Catholic St. Peter’s Basilica is located in Vatican City. A basilica was built on the site between 320 and 360 by Constantine the Great; tradition has it that this is where St. Paul met his martyrdom. Construction of a new church on the site was begun at the behest of Pope Julius II. Work commenced in 1506 and the finished church was consecrated in 1626. Over the years, several architects had a hand in designing the church, perhaps the most famous of them Donate Bramante (1444–1514) and Michelangelo (1475–1564). The interior was mostly built in the Baroque style after designs by Gian Lorenzo Bernini (1598–1680). The interior decorations in St. Peter’s Basilica follow a pictorial programme drawn up in the 17th century and include Pietà by Michelangelo. The building is monumental in size: 186 metres long in the interior and 133.4 metres in height. St. Peter’s Basilica served as a model for many churches built in the Baroque era.

San Pietro 1628 I, 2017
© Ola Kolehmainen